The Site

The Kaditshwene Ruins are situated on the farm Bloemfontein, district Marico, approximately 25 kilometers north of Zeerust along the main road to Gaborone (R505).

The site is well situated relative to Johannesburg metropolitan area, and has good access roads via Magaliesburg and Rustenburg. The site is spread over several hectares of hillside in the Enzelsberg range. The Enzelsberg area is well recognized for its natural and historical value, and is visited regularly by historians, archaeologists and students.

The land use of the surrounding farms is primarily cattle farming and agriculture as well as conservation in mountainous areas, providing for a rural bushveld atmosphere.


The water for the proposed base camp will be sourced from the natural spring on the property, approximately 200m south-west from the base camp. The spring delivers mega-liters per hour. This is far in excess of what is needed and currently water used for farming is sourced elsewhere. Although ESKOM currently supplies the farm with electricity, this form of energy will not be utilized at the base camp. Candles and oil lamps shall be used for lighting and wood used for cooking, solar power can also be incorporated. The soils of the site have relatively low clay content.

This is well suited for a septic tank sewerage system.

Existing use and potential of land


At present the owner, Mr Delport is utilizing some of the land involved to produce mainly tomatoes for the local market. This practice may continue without affecting the tourism potential of Kaditshwene.


At present the owner, Mr Delport is utilizing the mountain area for winter grazing for his cattle. With proper management this practice may continue, as it decreases the potential of veld fires especially around a tourism venue.

Fire wood

The vast number of people that lived on Kaditshwene until 1822 has seriously disturbed the environment, and there is now a serious problem with encroachment of pioneer trees such as sickle bush on the property. All of this may be harvested, either for own use or for sale on the free market.

Furniture wood

There are usable numbers of special trees such as Leadwood, Tamboti and Olienhout on the property that may be selectively utilized for the purposes of furniture and crafts if the necessary permission is obtained from the environmental authorities.


There are still usable numbers of indigenous animals such as lmpala, Kudu and Bushbuck on the farm that may be managed and harvested as directed by the environmental authorities. On the other hand some species such as Giraffe and Nyala may be introduced for their tourism potential.

lndigenous medicines

It is known that the department of health is placing pressure on the revival of proper herbal remedies. These, and the knowledge on how to harvest and administer them, exist on Kaditshwene. lt is suggested that these are selectively harvested and then propagated in privately owned nurseries in the villages. This can then be collectively sold on the free market as well as being used for own needs.