Tourism Development


The following main objectives were identified for the project:

  • The development and conservation of Kaditshwene as a “living cultural heritage site” for the Bahurutshe nation.
  • To enhance and promote Kaditswhene as a destination for National and International tourists.
  • To promote tourism awareness amongst the rural communities and create job-opportunities in an area that is characterized by poverty.


“To conserve and expose the rich cultural heritage of the Tswana nation by the sensitive reconstruction of Kaditshwene.”

Possible development scenarios could include:

  • The reconstruction of a typical lron Age Tswana settlement next to the main site and its operation as a living heritage site, with craft production, on the model of the Great Zimbabwe ruins
  • The construction of an interpretation centre, with exhibits on the lron Age and other important periods of regional history, such as the Stone Age, Difaquane, Bophuthatswana period, etc.

Kaditshwene has been declared a National Heritage Site in 2011 (Government Gazette 2 September 2011).

Initial Development

A cultural heritage site with archaeological background and significance such as Kaditshwene calls for proper phasing and investigation before implementation can take place. Various phases are therefore envisaged until implementation.

This includes:

PHASE 1: Purchasing of the land

The purchasing of the land is the first critical step towards conservation and development goals set out for Kaditshwene. Detailed Business Plan available upon request.

PHASE 2: Detailed Research

A detailed research phase is needed to determine the historical and cultural heritage and value of  the site. Although much research has been conducted (and therefore the value of this site is well understood) focused researched will be necessary, based on the archaeological findings and ruins at Kaditshwene, to determine the final “theme” and character of the proposed “living cultural village”. This research should also provide final guidelines for conservation (conservation plan and EIA) and the reconstruction of the site.

Research will also be necessary to determine the possible and final linkages to other tourism related products, the number and nature of SMME’s to be established and the estimated number of people to be employed and directly benefit from this project.

The research phase will include:

  •  Multi-disciplinary research on the site, this should include aspects such as Living Heritage.
  • Site mapping of the entire landscape.
  • Broad consultation to be conducted with all the nearby villages that are inhabited by descendants of Kaditshwene.
  • An Environmental lmpact and Heritage lmpact Assessment should be conducted to indicate areas on the cultural landscape where massive infrastructure will be allowed.
  • Lessons learned in countries like Botswana, Zimbabwe and Zambia to be used in ensuring that the right approach be implemented for this site.
  • Funding applications based on research for next phases of the project, be sought from potential funders.
  • Pre-liminary research has already established the fact that the site has a lot of potential which can be of benefit to the local communities as well as the Northwest province in general. lt is clear therefore that the project needs to be taken into the next phases in order to ensure the site conservation as well as to maximize the benefits that can be derived from the site.

PHASE 3: Development plan

The development plan will include:

  • Compilation of a base map.
  • A conservation plan.
  • A site development plan (physical layout of components and the reconstruction of certain areas)
  • An infrastructure development plan (including access roads, parking areas, information centre, training centre, curios, overnight accommodation, bulk services, clearing of vegetation, etc.).
  • This plan is essentially a technical plan that spells out the development components linked to a detailed financial plan.

PHASE 4: lmplementation plan

  •  This plan will provide an operational framework of planned activities to implement the project.
  • The Implementation plan will also provide guidelines for the phasing of implementation, in other words the sequence of what should happen when.

PHASE 5: lmplementation

  • This phase represents the building and construction phase and also the establishment of small, medium and micro enterprises (SMME’S)
  • The local community should be the beneficiaries of this project. The development of Kaditshwene provides opportunities for employment, both temporary and permanent, during all the phases of implementation:
    Provision of services and Construction of Roads. (estimated 6000 people)
    Reconstruction of the village. (estimated  200 people)
    Building and construction of facilities i.e. interpretation centre. (estimated 150 people)
    Enterprises producing tourism related products. (estimated 200 people)
    Employment for people forming part of the “living heritage site theme”. (estimated 15 people)
    Employment for management and maintenance (daily operation of Kaditshwene). (estimated 10 people)
  •  lt is estimated that approximately 6000 households in the region will benefit directly and indirectly from temporary, permanent and informal employment created by the development of Kaditshwene.

Some of the identified tourism products that will create various job opportunities include:

  • Traditional fruit product production with Marula, Mmilo, Moretologa, Olives , Prickly Pears and Makatane. Juices, sweets, jams, chutneys, atchar and fruit rolls. Sugar Cane can also be produced for tourist use and souvenirs as was done in Kgosi Moiloa’s time in 1800’s.
  • The making of Tradional clay pots and calabashes for catering and sale.
  • Demonstrating, tanning and making of leather articles such as straps and whips.
  • Demonstrating and making of braded grass products.
  • Traditional Tswana song & dance.
  • Storytelling, Poetry & drumming.
  • Establishment of an indigenous medicinal plant nursery for supplying traditional healers across South Africa and production of tea bags.
  • Screen printing and textile production with traditional art detail of Kaditshwene.
  • Corn stomping – Making of Mortar and pestles.
  • Handmade traditional Tswana games for sale.
  • Furniture production with indigenous wood and various wood carved items.
  • Making of Jewelry inspired by Kaditshwene, the reintroduction of a bead based culture that will create jobs and rekindle pride in cultural heritage.
  • Tour operators and taxi services to transport tourists from airports, game parks, Sun City/Lost City, Madikwe and surrounding towns.
  • 5 Minute video to be shown depicting general history and information about Kaditshwene.
  • Museum hut/Exploration centre cum conference facility. This will serve as a cultural artefact museum where all artifacts that exist and that have been removed will be returned and displayed with proper dignity like at other World Heritage Sites. An exhibition pertaining to the different aspects of the Kaditshwene Ruins, this will also pose as a library and reading space with information about the following:
  1. History
  2. Culture
  3. Archaeology
  4. Geology
  5. Fauna and Flora
  6. Entomology
  7. Birding Exhibition of artifacts
  8. Exhibition of all the Herbal Medicines(These will also be for sale)
  9. Coffee table books published about Kaditshwene

Tourist Accommodation

  • Replica of “Kaditshwene” for tourists, this will be in the form of a luxury lodge based on Tswana culture and history based near Kgosi Moiloa’s original dwelling.
  • Housing for families. (Self-catering – Space to cook will be provided at the back of the huts as per tradition).
  • Overnight facilities for back packers.
  • Small Bed and Breakfast businesses and tourist shebeens and eateries can be established in Mokgola and other villages to accommodate inflow of tourists.
  • Construction of a luxury spa offering traditional treatments.

Other activities that can be offered

  • Guided hiking trails: An archaeological route etc.
  • Rock climbing
  • Mountain climbing
  • Bird watching
  • Game drives
  • Various Routes, a “Big Five” tree route, a 18th Century ox-herd route etc.
  • Star gazing with a telescope
  • Mountain pool

Further job creation

  • Security
  • Maintenance
  • Laundry Services
  • Garbage removal
  • Providing firewood for accommodation
  • Filling station to be built on R49
  • Truck Inn with ablution facilities, shops and restaurants
  • Towing services
  • Establishment of organic vegetable garden for restaurants and staff
  • Organic meat sale, small businesses that offer high quality products
  • Cutting of firewood for accommodation
  • Manufacturing of cow and various antelope horn products
  • Establishment of exotic game breeding centre

Further Development

The Site

The Kaditshwene Ruins are situated on the farm Bloemfontein, district Marico, approximately 25 kilometers north of Zeerust along the main road to Gaborone (R505).

The site is well situated relative to Johannesburg metropolitan area, and has good access roads via Magaliesburg and Rustenburg. The site is spread over several hectares of hillside in the Enzelsberg range. The Enzelsberg area is well recognized for its natural and historical value, and is visited regularly by historians, archaeologists and students.

The land use of the surrounding farms is primarily cattle farming and agriculture as well as conservation in mountainous areas, providing for a rural bushveld atmosphere.


The water for the proposed base camp will be sourced from the natural spring on the property, approximately 200m south-west from the base camp. The spring delivers mega-liters per hour. This is far in excess of what is needed and currently water used for farming is sourced elsewhere. Although ESKOM currently supplies the farm with electricity, this form of energy will not be utilized at the base camp. Candles and oil lamps shall be used for lighting and wood used for cooking, solar power can also be incorporated. The soils of the site have relatively low clay content.

This is well suited for a septic tank sewerage system.

Existing use and potential of land


At present the owner, Mr Delport is utilizing some of the land involved to produce mainly tomatoes for the local market. This practice may continue without affecting the tourism potential of Kaditshwene.


At present the owner, Mr Delport is utilizing the mountain area for winter grazing for his cattle. With proper management this practice may continue, as it decreases the potential of veld fires especially around a tourism venue.

Fire wood

The vast number of people that lived on Kaditshwene until 1822 has seriously disturbed the environment, and there is now a serious problem with encroachment of pioneer trees such as sickle bush on the property. All of this may be harvested, either for own use or for sale on the free market.

Furniture wood

There are usable numbers of special trees such as Leadwood, Tamboti and Olienhout on the property that may be selectively utilized for the purposes of furniture and crafts if the necessary permission is obtained from the environmental authorities.


There are still usable numbers of indigenous animals such as lmpala, Kudu and Bushbuck on the farm that may be managed and harvested as directed by the environmental authorities. On the other hand some species such as Giraffe and Nyala may be introduced for their tourism potential.

lndigenous medicines

It is known that the department of health is placing pressure on the revival of proper herbal remedies. These, and the knowledge on how to harvest and administer them, exist on Kaditshwene. lt is suggested that these are selectively harvested and then propagated in privately owned nurseries in the villages. This can then be collectively sold on the free market as well as being used for own needs.